American Longhair Cat: Characteristics, Personality, and Breed Information

Compare Breed
American Longhair
United States
Adult weight
8-15 pounds
Life Span
12-17 years
Sociable, easygoing, playful, inquisitive
Medium-to-large sized longhair
$100 - $1,000
Affection Level
? Breeds with a high affection level want to give and receive a lot of attention, while less-affectionate breeds are not as interested in petting and snuggles.
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Activity Level
? Breeds with high activity levels will engage more in active play and demand more space and attention.
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? How well the breed tends to get along with cats, dogs, and other pets.
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? Breeds with a higher rating in this area tend to be gentle and patient, while lower-rated breeds may feel uncomfortable with children.
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? Breeds with a higher sociability rating will want to spend time with you all day, while less-sociable breeds seldom seek out human interaction.
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? Breeds with higher intelligence ratings are more curious, investigative, and easy to train. Less-intelligent breeds are less trainable but often laid-back and easygoing.
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? Breeds that score higher in this area have strong hunting instincts that make them great playtime companions.
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? Breeds that score higher in this area are able to spend hours alone, while less-independent breeds require plenty of attention.
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? A higher rating in this area indicates a breed prone to plenty of meowing and other vocalizations, while less-vocal breeds are happy to stay quiet.
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? Breeds with higher grooming scores require more maintenance like brushing and bathing, while lower-scored breeds are virtually maintenance-free.
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Personality and Temperament

The American longhair is not a specific cat breed, although aficionados are encouraging cat fancy associations to recognize this unique feline. For now, the term American longhair is used to indicate a cross between a Persian cat and an American shorthair cat.

American longhair cats are typically medium-sized, reflecting the size and weight of their parents. Their coats come in a variety of colors and patterns and in varying degrees of thickness. There is sometimes confusion concerning the American longhair cat vs the Maine coon cat. This stems from the description of the Maine coon as America's original longhair cat.

About the American Longhair Cat
American Longhair Cat Care










American longhair cats have no special nutritional needs. Their only requirement is a high quality meat-based diet.

Like their Persian parent, the American longhair cat often has a very fine undercoat that requires frequent brushing to prevent mats from forming, and to prevent hairballs.

Regular ear cleaning might be necessary, and you will probably want to clip your cats claws, too.

American longhair cats are playful, but less active than high-energy breeds such as the Abyssinian. These cats need scratching posts and toys, and they will almost certainly appreciate window seats and cat trees.

The average American longhair cat is a healthy, robust individual without any specific health problems. Since these cats are of mixed heritage, they tend to display the best of both breeds.


The first American longhair was the result of a breeding between a Persian cat and an American shorthair cat, with the intention of infusing the offspring with the brilliant silver color of the Persian.

The resulting cats, now known as American longhair cats, had pleasant but not clingy personalities and soft coats in different colors.

All American longhair cats have pedigreed parents; each can be traced back to a Persian parent and an American shorthair parent. Some cat fancier associations allow American longhair cats to be registered, however larger organizations do not yet recognize the American longhair as a distinct breed.

American Longhair Cat History
About the American Longhair Cat


The eyes are rounded and alert, with one eye space distance between them. Eye colors typically corresponds to coat colors.

Legs & Paws

The legs should be shapely and well formed. The paws are rounded and proportionate.


The American longhair cat has a long, graceful tail with ample plumage. The tail is typically held at an alert angle.

The Breed Standard


The body is medium-sized, well muscled and robust.


The head is typically rounded, with a slight snub nose.


Ears should be wider at the base and rounded at the tips. Furnishings are desirable.


American longhair cats have thick double coats that shed profusely.


The coat may be of any color or pattern. Gray and silver tabby colors are prevalent. Nose leather and paw pad colors typically correspond to coat colors.


How much does a American Longhair cat cost?

American Longhair cats cost between $100 - $1,000.

How big do American Longhair cats get?

American Longhair cats tend to be medium in size. A fully grown American Longhair cat might weigh between 8-15 pounds or more and range in height anywhere from about 10"-14" inches tall.

How long do American Longhair cats live?

The Average lifespan for American Longhair is 12-17 years.

Do American Longhair cats shed?

American Longhair are long-haired cats, so you do have to expect a certain amount of shedding from this breed, but they don't shed as much as other cat breeds.